VariantDir(variant_dir, src_dir, [duplicate])
env.VariantDir(variant_dir, src_dir, [duplicate])
In effect, the src_dir directory tree is copied to variant_dir so a build can be performed there. VariantDir() can be called multiple times with the same src_dir to set up multiple builds with different options (variants). src_dir must be in or underneath the SConstruct file's directory, and variant_dir may not be underneath the src_dir .
The default behavior is for scons to duplicate the source files in the variant tree and then build the derived files within the variant tree. This guarantees correct builds regardless of whether intermediate source files are generated during the build, whether preprocessors or other scanners search for included files relative to the source file, or whether individual compilers or other invoked tools are hard-coded to put derived files in the same directory as source files.
If possible on the platform, the duplication is performed by linking rather than copying; see also the --duplicate command-line option. Moreover, only the files needed for the build are duplicated; files and directories that are not used are not present in variant_dir.
Duplicating the source tree may be disabled by setting duplicate=0. This will cause scons to invoke Builders using the path names of source files in src_dir and the path names of derived files within variant_dir. This is always more efficient than duplicate=1, and is usually safe for most builds (but see above for cases that may cause problems).
Note that VariantDir() works most naturally with a subsidiary SConscript file. However, you would then call the subsidiary SConscript file not in the source directory, but in the variant_dir , regardless of the value of duplicate. This is how you tell scons which variant of a source tree to build. For example:
See also the SConscript() function for another way to specify a variant directory in conjunction with calling a subsidiary SConscript file.
Use the VariantDir() function to establish that target files should be built in a separate directory from the source files:
Note that when you're not using an SConscript file in the src subdirectory, you must actually specify that the program must be built from the build/hello.c file that SCons will duplicate in the build subdirectory.
When using the VariantDir function directly, SCons still duplicates the source files in the variant directory by default:
% ls src hello.c % scons -Q cc -o build/hello.o -c build/hello.c cc -o build/hello build/hello.o % ls build hello hello.c hello.o
You can specify the same duplicate=0 argument that you can specify for an SConscript call:
In which case SCons will disable duplication of the source files:
% ls src hello.c % scons -Q cc -o build/hello.o -c src/hello.c cc -o build/hello build/hello.o % ls build hello hello.o