Please note:The SCons wiki is now restored from the attack in March 2013. All old passwords have been invalidated. Please reset your password if you have an account. If you note missing pages, please report them to webmaster@scons.org. Also, new account creation is currently disabled due to an ongoing spam flood (2013/08/27).

CPython, a binary builder for Python installs

This first version of a Python Binary Builder is based on the work of Mati Gruca's Google Summer of Code 2008 project (last SVN branch).

The "InstallPython" method creates .pyc or .pyo files for .py source files and adds them to the list of targets along with the source files. They are later copied to the destination (target) directory.

The "InstallPython" Builder takes a target (destination) directory as its first argument and a list of source files/directories as a second argument. It returns the list of target files to copy to the target directory.

Download

This builder is developed as an external tool, meaning it is currently not a part of the SCons core sources in all standard distributions. For getting your own copy, please visit the ToolsIndex and follow the link to its current mainline...or issue the given "branch command" directly.

Examples

A simple example of an "SConstruct" file:

env = Environment()
hello = File('hello.py')
env.InstallPython('/usr/local/bin/', hello)
env.Alias('install', '/usr/local/bin/')

"SCons" invoked with the "-Q install" parameter will compile the "hello.py" file into "hello.pyc", and copy both files into "/usr/local/bin/" directory.

Sample output:

$ scons -Q install
Install file: "hello.py" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.py"
Install file: "hello.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.pyc"

"InstallPython" can also compile Python source files into optimized binary files (".pyo" suffix) instead of ordinary binaries (".pyc" files). To achieve this, change the call to "Environment()" and set the "CPYTHON_PYC" variable to '0' (zero):

env = Environment(CPYTHON_PYC=0)
hello = File('hello.py')
env.InstallPython('/usr/local/bin/', hello)
env.Alias('install', '/usr/local/bin/')

Sample output:

$ scons -Q install
Install file: "hello.py" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.py"
Install file: "hello.pyo" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.pyo"

The "InstallPython" method accepts both, files and directories, as its source arguments:

env = Environment()
pyfiles = Dir('pyfiles/')
env.InstallPython('/usr/local/bin/', pyfiles)
env.Alias('install', '/usr/local/bin')

Running "scons -Q install" will copy all the ".py" files from "pyfiles" directory into "/usr/local/lib/pyfiles" directory along with corresponding ".pyc" files.

Sample output:

$ scons -Q install
Install file: "pyfiles/hello.py" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello.py"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello.pyc"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello2.py" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello2.py"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello2.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello2.pyc"

Mixing files and directories is also possible:

env = Environment()
hello = File('hello.py')
pyfiles = Dir('pyfiles/')
env.InstallPython('/usr/local/bin/', [hello, pyfiles])
env.Alias('install', '/usr/local/bin')

Sample output:

$ scons -Q install
Install file: "hello.py" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.py"
Install file: "hello.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/hello.pyc"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello.py" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello.py"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello.pyc"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello2.py" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello2.py"
Install file: "pyfiles/hello2.pyc" as "/usr/local/bin/pyfiles/hello2.pyc"

Documentation

The current user and reference manuals are available as PDF

manual.pdf reference.pdf

and HTML versions

manual.html reference.html

CPythonTool (last edited 2010-07-28 23:05:08 by DirkBaechle)